ASP.NET Core 中间件(Middleware)(一)

本文主要目标:记录Middleware的运行原理流程,并绘制流程图。

目录结构:

1、运行环境
2、Demo实践
3、源码追踪
4、AspnetCore内置middleware

一、运行环境

Visual Studio Community 2019 版本 16.8.5

.Net Sdk Version: 5.0.103

二、Demo实践

讲解或学习一个东西的时候,最方便的方式是先写一个Demo。基于此,我写以一个中间件的记录请求输出的实践Demo来理解Middleware。

实体:

    public class RequestResponseLog
    {
        public string Id { get; set; }
        public DateTime CreateTime { get; set; }
        public string RequestJson { get; set; }
        public string ResponseJson { get; set; }
    }    
    
    public class Student
    {
        public string Id { get; set; }
        public string Name { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 学校
        /// </summary>
        public string School { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 班级
        /// </summary>
        public string Class { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 年级
        /// </summary>
        public string Grade { get; set; }
    }

Controller:用于接收请求

    [Route("api/[controller]")]
    [ApiController]
    public class StudentController : Controller
    {
        [HttpGet("GetStudent")]
        public IActionResult GetStudent()
        {
            var student = new Student()
            {
                Id = Guid.NewGuid().ToString(),
                Class = "321",
                Grade = "23",
                Name = "Name001",
                School = "School002"
            };
            return Ok(student);
        }
    }

Middleware 中间件(记录Request和Response):

public class RequestResponseLoggingMiddleware
    {
        private RequestDelegate _next;
        public RequestResponseLoggingMiddleware(RequestDelegate next)
        {
            this._next = next;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="httpContext"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public async Task Invoke(HttpContext context)
        {

            //First, get the incoming request
            var request = await FormatRequest(context.Request);

            var body = context.Response.Body;

            //Copy a pointer to the original response body stream
            var originalBodyStream = context.Response.Body;

            //Create a new memory stream...
            using (var responseBody = new MemoryStream())
            {
                //...and use that for the temporary response body
                context.Response.Body = responseBody;

                //Continue down the Middleware pipeline, eventually returning to this class
                await _next(context);

                //Format the response from the server
                var response = await FormatResponse(context.Response);

                //TODO: Save log to chosen datastore,临时使用
                DemoQueueBlock<RequestResponseLog>.Add(new RequestResponseLog()
                {
                    Id=Guid.NewGuid().ToString(),
                    CreateTime = DateTime.Now,
                    ResponseJson = response,
                    RequestJson = request
                });

                //Copy the contents of the new memory stream (which contains the response) to the original stream, which is then returned to the client.
                await responseBody.CopyToAsync(originalBodyStream);
            }
        }

为了防止实时存储数据库压力过大,仓储部分用了BlockingCollection实现的简易队列。

blockingcollection-1.getconsumingenumerable

https://docs.microsoft.com/zh-cn/dotnet/api/system.collections.concurrent.blockingcollection-1.getconsumingenumerable?view=net-5.0

 public static void Consume(Action<T> func)
{
            Task.Factory.StartNew(() =>
            {
                foreach (var item in Colls.GetConsumingEnumerable())
                {
                    func(item);
                    Console.WriteLine(string.Format("---------------: {0}", item));
                }
            });
}

消费队列时入库:

public class DemoConsume
    {
        private readonly MysqlDbContext _dbContext;
        public DemoConsume(MysqlDbContext dbContext)
        {
            _dbContext = dbContext;
        }
        public bool Consume()
        {
            DemoQueueBlock<RequestResponseLog>.Consume(async (log)=> {
               await _dbContext.AddAsync(log);
               await _dbContext.SaveChangesAsync();
            });
            return true;
        }
    }

StartUp文件AddConsume和

app.UseMiddleware ();

   public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
        {
            services.AddControllers();
            var connection = Configuration.GetConnectionString("MysqlConnection");
            services.AddDbContext<MysqlDbContext>(options => options.UseMySQL(connection),ServiceLifetime.Scoped);
            services.AddConsume();
        }
        
        public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app, IWebHostEnvironment env)
        {
            if (env.IsDevelopment())
            {
                app.UseDeveloperExceptionPage();
            }
           app.UseHttpsRedirection();
            app.UseRouting();
            app.UseAuthorization();
            app.UseMiddleware<RequestResponseLoggingMiddleware>();
            app.UseEndpoints(endpoints =>
            {
                endpoints.MapControllers();
            });
        }

Sql语句:

CREATE TABLE `request_response_log`  (
  `id` varchar(50) CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci NULL DEFAULT NULL,
  `create_time` datetime(0) NULL DEFAULT NULL,
  `request_json` text CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci NULL,
  `response_json` text CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci NULL
) ENGINE = InnoDB CHARACTER SET = utf8 COLLATE = utf8_general_ci ROW_FORMAT = Dynamic;

运行程序效果:

可以看到该Demo提供了一个记录Http请求和输出日志的功能。

这里面和Middleware有关的功能为:

1、定义了RequestResponseLoggingMiddleware类

RequestDelegate向下转发请求,

Invoke方法

2、StartUp的app.UseMiddleware ()。

这些方法具体怎么流转运行的呢?我们来搜一下源码可以确认下。

三、源码跟踪

所以我们可以看下UseMiddlewareExtensions

 public static class UseMiddlewareExtensions
    {
        internal const string InvokeMethodName = "Invoke";
        internal const string InvokeAsyncMethodName = "InvokeAsync";
 /// <summary>
        /// Adds a middleware type to the application's request pipeline.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="app">The <see cref="IApplicationBuilder"/> instance.</param>
        /// <param name="middleware">The middleware type.</param>
        /// <param name="args">The arguments to pass to the middleware type instance's constructor.</param>
        /// <returns>The <see cref="IApplicationBuilder"/> instance.</returns>
        public static IApplicationBuilder UseMiddleware(this IApplicationBuilder app, [DynamicallyAccessedMembers(MiddlewareAccessibility)] Type middleware, params object?[] args)
        {
            if (typeof(IMiddleware).IsAssignableFrom(middleware))
            {
                // IMiddleware doesn't support passing args directly since it's
                // activated from the container
                if (args.Length > 0)
                {
                    throw new NotSupportedException(Resources.FormatException_UseMiddlewareExplicitArgumentsNotSupported(typeof(IMiddleware)));
                }

                return UseMiddlewareInterface(app, middleware);
            }

            var applicationServices = app.ApplicationServices;
            return app.Use(next =>
            {
                var methods = middleware.GetMethods(BindingFlags.Instance | BindingFlags.Public);
                var invokeMethods = methods.Where(m =>
                    string.Equals(m.Name, InvokeMethodName, StringComparison.Ordinal)
                    || string.Equals(m.Name, InvokeAsyncMethodName, StringComparison.Ordinal)
                    ).ToArray();

                if (invokeMethods.Length > 1)
                {
                    throw new InvalidOperationException(Resources.FormatException_UseMiddleMutlipleInvokes(InvokeMethodName, InvokeAsyncMethodName));
                }

                if (invokeMethods.Length == 0)
                {
                    throw new InvalidOperationException(Resources.FormatException_UseMiddlewareNoInvokeMethod(InvokeMethodName, InvokeAsyncMethodName, middleware));
                }

                var methodInfo = invokeMethods[0];
                if (!typeof(Task).IsAssignableFrom(methodInfo.ReturnType))
                {
                    throw new InvalidOperationException(Resources.FormatException_UseMiddlewareNonTaskReturnType(InvokeMethodName, InvokeAsyncMethodName, nameof(Task)));
                }

                var parameters = methodInfo.GetParameters();
                if (parameters.Length == 0 || parameters[0].ParameterType != typeof(HttpContext))
                {
                    throw new InvalidOperationException(Resources.FormatException_UseMiddlewareNoParameters(InvokeMethodName, InvokeAsyncMethodName, nameof(HttpContext)));
                }

                var ctorArgs = new object[args.Length + 1];
                ctorArgs[0] = next;
                Array.Copy(args, 0, ctorArgs, 1, args.Length);
                var instance = ActivatorUtilities.CreateInstance(app.ApplicationServices, middleware, ctorArgs);
                if (parameters.Length == 1)
                {
                    return (RequestDelegate)methodInfo.CreateDelegate(typeof(RequestDelegate), instance);
                }

                var factory = Compile<object>(methodInfo, parameters);

                return context =>
                {
                    var serviceProvider = context.RequestServices ?? applicationServices;
                    if (serviceProvider == null)
                    {
                        throw new InvalidOperationException(Resources.FormatException_UseMiddlewareIServiceProviderNotAvailable(nameof(IServiceProvider)));
                    }

                    return factory(instance, context, serviceProvider);
                };
            });
        }

这里面用了

UseMiddleware (),进而调用

UseMiddleware(type TMiddleware)

进行了如下判断:

1、如果TMiddleware是继承了IMiddleware,则执行UseMiddlewareInterface方法。利用IMiddlewareFactory提供中间件的工厂创建方式,Microsoft.AspNetCore.Http提供了IMiddlewareFactory的默认实现MiddlewareFactory。

return app.Use(next =>
            {
                return async context =>
                {
                    var middlewareFactory = (IMiddlewareFactory?)context.RequestServices.GetService(typeof(IMiddlewareFactory));
                    if (middlewareFactory == null)
                    {
                        // No middleware factory
                        throw new InvalidOperationException(Resources.FormatException_UseMiddlewareNoMiddlewareFactory(typeof(IMiddlewareFactory)));
                    }

                    var middleware = middlewareFactory.Create(middlewareType);
                    if (middleware == null)
                    {
                        // The factory returned null, it's a broken implementation
                        throw new InvalidOperationException(Resources.FormatException_UseMiddlewareUnableToCreateMiddleware(middlewareFactory.GetType(), middlewareType));
                    }

                    try
                    {
                        await middleware.InvokeAsync(context, next);
                    }
                    finally
                    {
                        middlewareFactory.Release(middleware);
                    }
                };
            });

2、如果没有继承Middleware,则执行以下操作:

1、根据Invoke或InvokeAsync查找方法

2、验证只存在一个方法

3、验证返回类型为Task

4、验证第一个参数必须是HttpContext

5、ActivatorUtilities.CreateInstance 创建实例

6、如果只有一个参数,返回一个RequestDelegate类型的方法委托?

7、多个参数继续执行如下操作。Compile方法和参数。

var factory = Compile(methodInfo, parameters);
return context =>
{
var serviceProvider = context.RequestServices ?? applicationServices;
if (serviceProvider == null)
{
throw new InvalidOperationException(Resources.FormatException_UseMiddlewareIServiceProviderNotAvailable(nameof(IServiceProvider)));
}

                return factory(instance, context, serviceProvider);
            };

8、Compile演示了Lamuda表达式的编译方式,以后可作参考

 private static Func<T, HttpContext, IServiceProvider, Task> Compile<T>(MethodInfo methodInfo, ParameterInfo[] parameters)
        {
            // If we call something like
            //
            // public class Middleware
            // {
            //    public Task Invoke(HttpContext context, ILoggerFactory loggerFactory)
            //    {
            //
            //    }
            // }
            //

            // We'll end up with something like this:
            //   Generic version:
            //
            //   Task Invoke(Middleware instance, HttpContext httpContext, IServiceProvider provider)
            //   {
            //      return instance.Invoke(httpContext, (ILoggerFactory)UseMiddlewareExtensions.GetService(provider, typeof(ILoggerFactory));
            //   }

            //   Non generic version:
            //
            //   Task Invoke(object instance, HttpContext httpContext, IServiceProvider provider)
            //   {
            //      return ((Middleware)instance).Invoke(httpContext, (ILoggerFactory)UseMiddlewareExtensions.GetService(provider, typeof(ILoggerFactory));
            //   }

            var middleware = typeof(T);

            var httpContextArg = Expression.Parameter(typeof(HttpContext), "httpContext");
            var providerArg = Expression.Parameter(typeof(IServiceProvider), "serviceProvider");
            var instanceArg = Expression.Parameter(middleware, "middleware");

            var methodArguments = new Expression[parameters.Length];
            methodArguments[0] = httpContextArg;
            for (int i = 1; i < parameters.Length; i++)
            {
                var parameterType = parameters[i].ParameterType;
                if (parameterType.IsByRef)
                {
                    throw new NotSupportedException(Resources.FormatException_InvokeDoesNotSupportRefOrOutParams(InvokeMethodName));
                }

                var parameterTypeExpression = new Expression[]
                {
                    providerArg,
                    Expression.Constant(parameterType, typeof(Type)),
                    Expression.Constant(methodInfo.DeclaringType, typeof(Type))
                };

                var getServiceCall = Expression.Call(GetServiceInfo, parameterTypeExpression);
                methodArguments[i] = Expression.Convert(getServiceCall, parameterType);
            }

            Expression middlewareInstanceArg = instanceArg;
            if (methodInfo.DeclaringType != null && methodInfo.DeclaringType != typeof(T))
            {
                middlewareInstanceArg = Expression.Convert(middlewareInstanceArg, methodInfo.DeclaringType);
            }

            var body = Expression.Call(middlewareInstanceArg, methodInfo, methodArguments);

            var lambda = Expression.Lambda<Func<T, HttpContext, IServiceProvider, Task>>(body, instanceArg, httpContextArg, providerArg);

            return lambda.Compile();
        }

从上面我们可以看到这个扩展方法主要做了两件事:

判断是IMiddleware,然后采用不同的处理方式。

文章刚开始我们已经实践了非继承的模式,下面我们来实践下继承IMiddleware的模式。

public class TestMiddleware : IMiddleware
    {
        public async  Task InvokeAsync(HttpContext context, RequestDelegate next)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("TestMiddleware");
          await  next(context);
           // throw new NotImplementedException();
        }
    }

StartUp

(由于

MiddlewareFactory通过_serviceProvider.GetRequiredService(middlewareType) as IMiddleware获取中间件,所以需要在ConfigureServices里面注入TestMiddleware,不然会报错):

  public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
        {
   services.AddSingleton<TestMiddleware>();
        }
        public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app, IWebHostEnvironment env)
        {
         app.UseMiddleware<TestMiddleware>();
        }

效果如下:

以上搜查暂时告一段落。

但里面还有个IApplicationBuilder的use方式尚没有看到使用方式,还需要继续探查。

IApplicationBuilder接口:

定义一个用于配置应用程序请求管道的类

public interface IApplicationBuilder
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// Gets or sets the <see cref="IServiceProvider"/> that provides access to the application's service container.
        /// </summary>
        IServiceProvider ApplicationServices { get; set; }

        /// <summary>
        /// Gets the set of HTTP features the application's server provides.
        /// </summary>
        IFeatureCollection ServerFeatures { get; }

        /// <summary>
        /// Gets a key/value collection that can be used to share data between middleware.
        /// </summary>
        IDictionary<string, object?> Properties { get; }

        /// <summary>
        /// Adds a middleware delegate to the application's request pipeline.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="middleware">The middleware delegate.</param>
        /// <returns>The <see cref="IApplicationBuilder"/>.</returns>
        IApplicationBuilder Use(Func<RequestDelegate, RequestDelegate> middleware);

        /// <summary>
        /// Creates a new <see cref="IApplicationBuilder"/> that shares the <see cref="Properties"/> of this
        /// <see cref="IApplicationBuilder"/>.
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns>The new <see cref="IApplicationBuilder"/>.</returns>
        IApplicationBuilder New();

        /// <summary>
        /// Builds the delegate used by this application to process HTTP requests.
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns>The request handling delegate.</returns>
        RequestDelegate Build();
    }

通过查看引用,我们可以看到提供了以下扩展:AspNetCore.Http.Abstractions\Extension

图片

通过翻看源码,可以看出这些扩展都是调用的IApplicationBuilder的use,我们只需要继续关注这个Use就行了。通过继续追溯源码,可以搜到IApplicationBuilderFactory的默认实现ApplicationBuilderFactory,它是一个创建ApplicationBuilder的工厂类。

 public class ApplicationBuilderFactory : IApplicationBuilderFactory
    {
        private readonly IServiceProvider _serviceProvider;

        /// <summary>
        /// Initialize a new factory instance with an <see cref="IServiceProvider" />.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="serviceProvider">The <see cref="IServiceProvider"/> used to resolve dependencies and initialize components.</param>
        public ApplicationBuilderFactory(IServiceProvider serviceProvider)
        {
            _serviceProvider = serviceProvider;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Create an <see cref="IApplicationBuilder" /> builder given a <paramref name="serverFeatures" />.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="serverFeatures">An <see cref="IFeatureCollection"/> of HTTP features.</param>
        /// <returns>An <see cref="IApplicationBuilder"/> configured with <paramref name="serverFeatures"/>.</returns>
        public IApplicationBuilder CreateBuilder(IFeatureCollection serverFeatures)
        {
            return new ApplicationBuilder(_serviceProvider, serverFeatures);
        }
    }

关注一下 ApplicationBuilder的重点部分:

 public class ApplicationBuilder : IApplicationBuilder
    {
         private const string ServerFeaturesKey = "server.Features";
        private const string ApplicationServicesKey = "application.Services";

        private readonly List<Func<RequestDelegate, RequestDelegate>> _components = new();

        /// <summary>
        /// Initializes a new instance of <see cref="ApplicationBuilder"/>.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="serviceProvider">The <see cref="IServiceProvider"/> for application services.</param>
        public ApplicationBuilder(IServiceProvider serviceProvider)
        {
            Properties = new Dictionary<string, object?>(StringComparer.Ordinal);
            ApplicationServices = serviceProvider;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Initializes a new instance of <see cref="ApplicationBuilder"/>.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="serviceProvider">The <see cref="IServiceProvider"/> for application services.</param>
        /// <param name="server">The server instance that hosts the application.</param>
        public ApplicationBuilder(IServiceProvider serviceProvider, object server)
            : this(serviceProvider)
        {
            SetProperty(ServerFeaturesKey, server);
        }

        private ApplicationBuilder(ApplicationBuilder builder)
        {
            Properties = new CopyOnWriteDictionary<string, object?>(builder.Properties, StringComparer.Ordinal);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Gets the <see cref="IServiceProvider"/> for application services.
        /// </summary>
        public IServiceProvider ApplicationServices
        {
            get
            {
                return GetProperty<IServiceProvider>(ApplicationServicesKey)!;
            }
            set
            {
                SetProperty<IServiceProvider>(ApplicationServicesKey, value);
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Gets the <see cref="IFeatureCollection"/> for server features.
        /// </summary>
        public IFeatureCollection ServerFeatures
        {
            get
            {
                return GetProperty<IFeatureCollection>(ServerFeaturesKey)!;
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Gets a set of properties for <see cref="ApplicationBuilder"/>.
        /// </summary>
        public IDictionary<string, object?> Properties { get; }

        private T? GetProperty<T>(string key)
        {
            return Properties.TryGetValue(key, out var value) ? (T?)value : default(T);
        }

        private void SetProperty<T>(string key, T value)
        {
            Properties[key] = value;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Adds the middleware to the application request pipeline.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="middleware">The middleware.</param>
        /// <returns>An instance of <see cref="IApplicationBuilder"/> after the operation has completed.</returns>
        public IApplicationBuilder Use(Func<RequestDelegate, RequestDelegate> middleware)
        {
            _components.Add(middleware);
            return this;
        }   
/// <summary>
        /// Produces a <see cref="RequestDelegate"/> that executes added middlewares.
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns>The <see cref="RequestDelegate"/>.</returns>
        public RequestDelegate Build()
        {
            RequestDelegate app = context =>
            {
                // If we reach the end of the pipeline, but we have an endpoint, then something unexpected has happened.
                // This could happen if user code sets an endpoint, but they forgot to add the UseEndpoint middleware.
                var endpoint = context.GetEndpoint();
                var endpointRequestDelegate = endpoint?.RequestDelegate;
                if (endpointRequestDelegate != null)
                {
                    var message =
                        $"The request reached the end of the pipeline without executing the endpoint: '{endpoint!.DisplayName}'. " +
                        $"Please register the EndpointMiddleware using '{nameof(IApplicationBuilder)}.UseEndpoints(...)' if using " +
                        $"routing.";
                    throw new InvalidOperationException(message);
                }

                context.Response.StatusCode = StatusCodes.Status404NotFound;
                return Task.CompletedTask;
            };

            for (var c = _components.Count - 1; c >= 0; c--)
            {
                app = _components[c](app);
            }

            return app;
        }
}

从上面源码的实现来看Use的作用仅仅是将一个中间件添加到List<Func<RequestDelegate, RequestDelegate>> _components里面,换句话来讲就是将一个RequestDelegate的委托放到一个list里面。

流程图如下:

图片

四、Asp.netCore内置Middleware举例:

以ConcurrencyLimiterMiddleware为例,传入的请求进行排队处理,避免线程池的不足.

 public class ConcurrencyLimiterMiddleware
    {
        private readonly IQueuePolicy _queuePolicy;
        private readonly RequestDelegate _next;
        private readonly RequestDelegate _onRejected;
        private readonly ILogger _logger;

        /// <summary>
        /// Creates a new <see cref="ConcurrencyLimiterMiddleware"/>.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="next">The <see cref="RequestDelegate"/> representing the next middleware in the pipeline.</param>
        /// <param name="loggerFactory">The <see cref="ILoggerFactory"/> used for logging.</param>
        /// <param name="queue">The queueing strategy to use for the server.</param>
        /// <param name="options">The options for the middleware, currently containing the 'OnRejected' callback.</param>
        public ConcurrencyLimiterMiddleware(RequestDelegate next, ILoggerFactory loggerFactory, IQueuePolicy queue, IOptions<ConcurrencyLimiterOptions> options)
        {
            if (options.Value.OnRejected == null)
            {
                throw new ArgumentException("The value of 'options.OnRejected' must not be null.", nameof(options));
            }

            _next = next;
            _logger = loggerFactory.CreateLogger<ConcurrencyLimiterMiddleware>();
            _onRejected = options.Value.OnRejected;
            _queuePolicy = queue;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Invokes the logic of the middleware.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="context">The <see cref="HttpContext"/>.</param>
        /// <returns>A <see cref="Task"/> that completes when the request leaves.</returns>
        public async Task Invoke(HttpContext context)
        {
            var waitInQueueTask = _queuePolicy.TryEnterAsync();

            // Make sure we only ever call GetResult once on the TryEnterAsync ValueTask b/c it resets.
            bool result;

            if (waitInQueueTask.IsCompleted)
            {
                ConcurrencyLimiterEventSource.Log.QueueSkipped();
                result = waitInQueueTask.Result;
            }
            else
            {
                using (ConcurrencyLimiterEventSource.Log.QueueTimer())
                {
                    result = await waitInQueueTask;
                }
            }

            if (result)
            {
                try
                {
                    await _next(context);
                }
                finally
                {
                    _queuePolicy.OnExit();
                }
            }
            else
            {
                ConcurrencyLimiterEventSource.Log.RequestRejected();
                ConcurrencyLimiterLog.RequestRejectedQueueFull(_logger);
                context.Response.StatusCode = StatusCodes.Status503ServiceUnavailable;
                await _onRejected(context);
            }
        }

需要注意的是有两个:

1、IQueuePolicy,asp.netCore内置了两种实现QueuePolicy和StackPolicy,这里就不贴代码了,主要是关于堆和栈的实现逻辑。

2、ConcurrencyLimiterOptions

QueuePolicyServiceCollectionExtensions

 public static class QueuePolicyServiceCollectionExtensions
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// Tells <see cref="ConcurrencyLimiterMiddleware"/> to use a FIFO queue as its queueing strategy.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="services">The <see cref="IServiceCollection"/> to add services to.</param>
        /// <param name="configure">Set the options used by the queue.
        /// Mandatory, since <see cref="QueuePolicyOptions.MaxConcurrentRequests"></see> must be provided.</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static IServiceCollection AddQueuePolicy(this IServiceCollection services, Action<QueuePolicyOptions> configure)
        {
            services.Configure(configure);
            services.AddSingleton<IQueuePolicy, QueuePolicy>();
            return services;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Tells <see cref="ConcurrencyLimiterMiddleware"/> to use a LIFO stack as its queueing strategy.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="services">The <see cref="IServiceCollection"/> to add services to.</param>
        /// <param name="configure">Set the options used by the queue.
        /// Mandatory, since <see cref="QueuePolicyOptions.MaxConcurrentRequests"></see> must be provided.</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static IServiceCollection AddStackPolicy(this IServiceCollection services, Action<QueuePolicyOptions> configure)
        {
            services.Configure(configure);
            services.AddSingleton<IQueuePolicy, StackPolicy>();
            return services;
        }
    }


 public class QueuePolicyOptions
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// Maximum number of concurrent requests. Any extras will be queued on the server. 
        /// This option is highly application dependant, and must be configured by the application.
        /// </summary>
        public int MaxConcurrentRequests { get; set; }

        /// <summary>
        /// Maximum number of queued requests before the server starts rejecting connections with '503 Service Unavailable'.
        /// This option is highly application dependant, and must be configured by the application.
        /// </summary>
        public int RequestQueueLimit { get; set; }
    }

通过源码可以大概看出使用方式了吧,这里就不做实践了。

今天的分享到此结束,谢谢观看。
由于排版问题,原文请参考:https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/nm8Pa-q3oOInX0LIw9swNA

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